What are the symptoms of kidney disease
1. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
1.1, infection: acute attack of acute glomerulonephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis is often associated with pharyngitis, tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract and skin infections. Therefore, the urine routine should be checked when the disease is affected.
1.2, edema: glomerulonephritis patients lack specific symptoms, but often appear fatigue, fatigue, lumbago, eyelids, face, ankle joint edema, increased urine foam and abnormal urine color. Therefore, when these symptoms appear, we should go to the hospital to check the urine routine.
1.3, hypertension: about 1/3 of glomerulonephritis patients will rise in blood pressure, manifested as headache, memory impairment, poor sleep symptoms, and so on. Patients who have been hospitalized for the above symptoms and found to have high blood pressure must be examined for routine urine, especially in young patients. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
2. What is the cause of kidney disease
Many diseases can cause damage to the glomerular capillary filtration membrane and lead to nephrotic syndrome. 2/3 and most of the adult children of primary nephrotic syndrome, including primary glomerular nephropathy, acute and chronic nephritis and acute nephritis. According to pathological diagnosis, it mainly includes: minimal change nephropathy, membranous glomerulonephritis (membranous nephropathy), mesangial capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis (MLN) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
3. How is the diagnosis of kidney disease
3.1, urine routine: except for a large quantity of protein in urine, there are transparent tube type or granular tube type, sometimes there are fat tube type. Type II: <10 /HP of centrifugal urine red cell, type >10 /HP of type II.
3.2, determination of C3 and FDP in selective proteinuria and urine: type I is selective proteinuria, urine C3 and FDP values are normal, type II is non selective proteinuria, and urinary C3 and FDP values often exceed normal.
3.3. Blood biochemical examination: in addition to the decrease of the total plasma protein, the White / ball can be inverted, the blood cholesterol type I increase, and the type II type can not increase.
3.4, the growth rate of erythrocyte sedimentation rate: usually 40-80mm/h, and the growth rate of ESR is parallel to the swelling. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
What's the kidney to eat
1, when supplementing protein, the patient should eat less plant protein such as soy products and low utilization rate, and try to eat more animal protein such as meat, eggs, milk and other high quality protein that is easy to digest and absorb. Otherwise, it will aggravate the burden of renal function and affect the curative effect.
2, eat some high calorie foods to supplement the body's energy needs, but to stay away from sugar cane, animal fat foods, it is best to use daily in cereal based foods, especially millet porridge.
3, eat more fiber in the diet, the taboo in uremic patients, often overlooked. But plant fiber can effectively reduce the body's glycerol three fat and serum cholesterol, but also can reduce the patient's constipation symptoms.
4, for patients with less urine or high blood potassium and less dialysis, the intake of potassium must be controlled. As far as possible to keep away from the banana, pear and other fruits with high potassium. In addition, patients with edema and high blood pressure and high blood sodium also have to control the intake of salt. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
How to prevent kidney disease
1, drink more water, a day to drink at least two to three liters of white water, because more water, more urination, help to discharge the kidney toxins, the kidney play a protective role.
2, the intake of low salt food, salt will enrich the blood, and then aggravate the functioning of the kidneys.
3, pay attention to the treatment of upper respiratory tract diseases. Especially when the throat and tonsillar Streptococcus are infected, it is necessary to take effective antibiotics immediately and thoroughly treat them.
4, we should pay attention to avoid the invasion of wind, cold and wet, avoid overwork, and pay attention to the adjustment of emotion.
5, take the painkillers carefully. No painkillers are required without the permission of the doctor. If you need long-term use, it is necessary to discuss with the nephrology specialist and decide how to choose it.
6, avoid binge eating. A large intake of animal and vegetable proteins increases the burden of the kidney.
7, to exercise more, work and rest, exercise, so as to control weight and blood pressure, in order to reduce the burden of the kidney.