What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

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asked in Internal Medicine by FELICIA
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

3 Answers

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answered by KRISTY
What are the symptoms of kidney disease
1. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
1.1, infection: acute attack of acute glomerulonephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis is often associated with pharyngitis, tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract and skin infections. Therefore, the urine routine should be checked when the disease is affected.
1.2, edema: glomerulonephritis patients lack specific symptoms, but often appear fatigue, fatigue, lumbago, eyelids, face, ankle joint edema, increased urine foam and abnormal urine color. Therefore, when these symptoms appear, we should go to the hospital to check the urine routine.
1.3, hypertension: about 1/3 of glomerulonephritis patients will rise in blood pressure, manifested as headache, memory impairment, poor sleep symptoms, and so on. Patients who have been hospitalized for the above symptoms and found to have high blood pressure must be examined for routine urine, especially in young patients. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
2. What is the cause of kidney disease
Many diseases can cause damage to the glomerular capillary filtration membrane and lead to nephrotic syndrome. 2/3 and most of the adult children of primary nephrotic syndrome, including primary glomerular nephropathy, acute and chronic nephritis and acute nephritis. According to pathological diagnosis, it mainly includes: minimal change nephropathy, membranous glomerulonephritis (membranous nephropathy), mesangial capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis (MLN) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
3. How is the diagnosis of kidney disease
3.1, urine routine: except for a large quantity of protein in urine, there are transparent tube type or granular tube type, sometimes there are fat tube type. Type II: <10 /HP of centrifugal urine red cell, type >10 /HP of type II.
3.2, determination of C3 and FDP in selective proteinuria and urine: type I is selective proteinuria, urine C3 and FDP values are normal, type II is non selective proteinuria, and urinary C3 and FDP values often exceed normal.
3.3. Blood biochemical examination: in addition to the decrease of the total plasma protein, the White / ball can be inverted, the blood cholesterol type I increase, and the type II type can not increase.
3.4, the growth rate of erythrocyte sedimentation rate: usually 40-80mm/h, and the growth rate of ESR is parallel to the swelling. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
What's the kidney to eat
1, when supplementing protein, the patient should eat less plant protein such as soy products and low utilization rate, and try to eat more animal protein such as meat, eggs, milk and other high quality protein that is easy to digest and absorb. Otherwise, it will aggravate the burden of renal function and affect the curative effect.
2, eat some high calorie foods to supplement the body's energy needs, but to stay away from sugar cane, animal fat foods, it is best to use daily in cereal based foods, especially millet porridge.
3, eat more fiber in the diet, the taboo in uremic patients, often overlooked. But plant fiber can effectively reduce the body's glycerol three fat and serum cholesterol, but also can reduce the patient's constipation symptoms.
4, for patients with less urine or high blood potassium and less dialysis, the intake of potassium must be controlled. As far as possible to keep away from the banana, pear and other fruits with high potassium. In addition, patients with edema and high blood pressure and high blood sodium also have to control the intake of salt. What are the symptoms of kidney disease
How to prevent kidney disease
1, drink more water, a day to drink at least two to three liters of white water, because more water, more urination, help to discharge the kidney toxins, the kidney play a protective role.
2, the intake of low salt food, salt will enrich the blood, and then aggravate the functioning of the kidneys.
3, pay attention to the treatment of upper respiratory tract diseases. Especially when the throat and tonsillar Streptococcus are infected, it is necessary to take effective antibiotics immediately and thoroughly treat them.
4, we should pay attention to avoid the invasion of wind, cold and wet, avoid overwork, and pay attention to the adjustment of emotion.
5, take the painkillers carefully. No painkillers are required without the permission of the doctor. If you need long-term use, it is necessary to discuss with the nephrology specialist and decide how to choose it.
6, avoid binge eating. A large intake of animal and vegetable proteins increases the burden of the kidney.
7, to exercise more, work and rest, exercise, so as to control weight and blood pressure, in order to reduce the burden of the kidney.
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answered by RACHAEL
What are the early symptoms of nephritis nephritis? Refers to patients with kidney appeared inflammation, nephritis is divided into several types in medicine, according to the onset of the time can be divided into acute nephritis and chronic nephritis, cause great harm to the health of patients, so we must be in the early treatment of nephritis, the impairment of the body the hurt. So, what are the early symptoms of nephritis?
1. The most common symptoms of early nephritis are infection as the first factor. Acute episodes of acute glomerulonephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis are often associated with infections such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract and skin. Therefore, the urine routine should be checked when the disease is affected.
2, although glomerulonephritis patients lack specific symptoms, they often suffer from fatigue, fatigue, lumbago, eyelid, facial and ankle joint edema, increased urine foam and abnormal urine color. Therefore, when these symptoms appear, we should go to the hospital to check the urine routine.
3, early uremia patients often appear anorexia, nausea, skin itching and other performance. Therefore, those with these symptoms, especially those with hypertension and anemia, must be examined for renal function.
4. The patients with moderate or above chronic renal insufficiency often have anemia, and there are symptoms of fatigue, dizziness and pale face. Patients with anemia, with the exception of blood system diseases, should pay attention to the existence of chronic renal insufficiency.
5, 1/3 of glomerulonephritis patients will rise in blood pressure, manifested as headache, memory impairment, poor sleep symptoms, and so on. Patients who have been hospitalized for the above symptoms and found to have high blood pressure must be examined for routine urine, especially in young patients.
6. In the early stage of chronic renal insufficiency, the number of urination and the amount of urine may be increased only in the early days. If a healthy person doesn't drink a lot of water before going to bed, he should not urinate or urinate for 1 times after night sleep. If he urinate more than 2 times a night, he should check the urine routine and renal function in the hospital.
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answered by SHELIA
Early symptoms: 1. edema often begins with the eyelid (some patients begin to start with the lower limbs), severe wave and even chest water and ascites. 2. hypertension is one of the manifestations of kidney disease. 3. frequent micturition, urgency, odynuria. 4. most of the lumbago is dull pain, and severe colic can occur in surgical disease. 5. less urine or no urine per day less than 400 milliliters called oliguria, less than 100 milliliters called no urine. 6. urine is more than 2500 milliliters every day and night called polyuria. 7. hematuria contains the blood cells in the urine, and the more foam in the 8. urine may be the expression of the increase of urine protein.
Late symptoms: 1. other such as poor appetite, fatigue, pale face, etc. 2. a series of clinical manifestations of renal dysfunction and uremia in the late stages of kidney disease.
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